UrbanFootprint estimates the impact of land use patterns and urban form on a range of health-related indicators. The public health metrics are derived from factors that are influenced by changes in urban form, including physical activity-related weight and disease incidences. Related costs can be estimated in turn to highlight the fiscal implications of comparative land use and transportation scenarios.

The public health module uses regression models built by Urban Design 4 Health (UD4H) that are grounded in primary research and travel and health survey data from California and throughout the country. The model uses demographic inputs and variables representing the built environment to forecast the amount of time spent in moderate and vigorous activity, the proportion of the population that is overweight, and time spent in cars. These are then used to identify the incidence of weight and activity-related diseases and resulting costs.

Chart Summary

The chart summary for public health includes:

  • Average Minutes of Activity Per Day (Adults) - Minutes of activity by mode, adults (age 18-64).
  • Select Health Outcomes (Adults) - Percent of population with disease incidence, adults (age 18-64).
  • Average Minutes of Activity Per Day (Seniors) - Minutes of activity by mode, seniors (age 65+).
  • Select Health Outcomes (Seniors) - Percent of population with disease incidence, seniors (age 65+).
  • Average Minutes of Activity Per Day (Teens) - Minutes of activity by mode, teens (age 12-17).
  • Select Health Outcomes (Teens) - Percent of population with disease incidence, teens (age 12-17).
  • Average Minutes of Activity Per Day (Children) - Minutes of activity by mode, children (age 5-11).
  • Select Health Outcomes (Children) - Percent of population with disease incidence, children (age 5-11).

Note: If you hover the mouse onto the horizontal chart, it displays the base value of the health outcomes and activity modes.

Chart Legend

  • Walk - Activity mode walking
  • Bike - Activity mode biking
  • Auto - Activity mode auto
  • Ovrwght - Health outcome for Overweight
  • Obese - Health outcome for Obese
  • High BP - Health ourcome for High blood pressure
  • Hrt Dis - Health outcome for Heart Disease
  • Diab - Health outcome for Diabetes
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